It aims to restore the aesthetics, speech and chewing lost to the patient by reconstructing the lost teeth and intraoral surrounding tissues.
What Are The Treatment Options In Prosthodontics?
Fixed Prostheses: In the teeth that do not have sufficient dental tissue support and have a large amount of material loss that cannot be treated with filling material, inlay, onlay restorations that involve a part of the tooth according to the extent of the tissue loss or crown restoration by reducing the entire tooth can be done. In cases where one or more teeth are missing, prostheses on both sides of the cavity are bridge prostheses , where the teeth on both sides are reduced and used as support. Changes in people’s social lives, advancing technology in dentistry and advances in prosthetic treatments have increased the aesthetic and functional expectations of patients and raised their living standards. Especially with the increase of aesthetic expectation, metal alloys used in infrastructure have been replaced by superior aesthetic and biocompatible materials. Zirconium Restorations: These are high resistance, biocompatible, durable and aesthetic restorations. The fact that zirconium oxide is a material close to the natural tooth color and remains at least as durable against forces has made the use of zirconium ceramics common in fixed and over-implant prostheses. All-ceramic prostheses: They are all ceramic restorations with increased durability and very good light transmittance, without the use of infrastructure materials such as metal or zirconium oxide.
Laminate Restorations: These are very aesthetic restorations that are close to natural teeth obtained by adhering the porcelain in the form of leaves obtained as a result of minimal abrasion of the tooth surface in order to treat the shape, color, form and size disorders in the teeth.
What are Removable Dentures?
In cases where there is a natural tooth but there is not enough support for the fixed prosthesis, the prostheses made with the support of both teeth and tissues and can be inserted and removed by the patient are partial prostheses. In partial dentures, metal parts extended on natural teeth to get support from teeth disrupt the aesthetic appearance. Precision attachment prostheses are used to eliminate this negativity.
What are Implant Prosthetics?
Prostheses made with the support of implants instead of natural teeth are called prostheses on implants.
Fixed prostheses on implants: They are crown or bridge prostheses that are made with support from one or more implants, used fixedly by gluing or screwing. It prevents damage to the adjacent healthy teeth by placing it in the missing area, especially in case of missing teeth. These prostheses can be made of metal ceramic, zirconium or full ceramic materials.
Removable dentures on implants: Removable dentures on implants are a form of treatment with 2, 3 or 4 implants placed in the jaw bone in complete edentulousness. These prostheses are both implants and prostheses supported by tissues. These prostheses eliminate the problem of displacement of removable prostheses, especially thanks to implants.
Hybrid prostheses: The rapid development in implant technology and the widespread use of implant treatment have provided patients using removable prostheses with the comfort of changing to a fixed prosthesis. With these implant-supported prostheses, called hybrid prostheses, patients with severe bone loss are also provided with a prosthesis. Hybrid prostheses are prostheses that cannot be removed by the patient, but can be removed by the physician when necessary.