With a simple explanation, it means intraoral diagnosis .
The main purpose of oral diagnosis is to see what the source of the suffering of the patients is and to create planning for all oral problems with good planning. In addition, many systemic diseases show significant symptoms in the mouth. With a detailed and good check-up, an early diagnosis of systemic disease can be done. We do not encounter only decayed teeth and unhealthy gums in the mouth. At the same time, joints, jawbones, salivary glands, tongue, cheek and mouth floor, and mucosa are checked. As a result, problems encountered in any of these areas can be included in the treatment plan.
The most common digital radiography used in dentistry are :
3D Dental Tomography
Periapical Radiography (RVG)
3D DENTAL VOLUMETRIC TOMOGRAPHY
Nowadays, with the development of technology, it is possible to obtain a tomography of the entire chin or just the specified area in very low doses. It is a three-dimensional tomographic imaging technique used in cases where traditional imaging techniques such as large cysts, tumors, major surgeries, and implant applications are inadequate.Unlike other radiographs, this method uses three-dimensional technology . In addition, it is taken in cross-sections. Thus, the adjacent of teeth and pathological formations with the surrounding teeth are delineated in all three aspects.It is particularly intended to be used in a large number of routine implant applications; In these cases, the bone thickness in the horizontal direction and the adjacent area of the sinus cavities are shown.One of the most important advantages is that the captured three-dimensional image is instantly transferred to the computer environment, stored in the patient file, and quickly printed and kept as a CD.
It is a technique that displays all of the existing teeth in the mouth, embedded teeth, bone tissue surrounding the teeth, and the entire jawbone.While the captured images are instantly transferred to the computer system, it can be stored in the patient files for a long time. And it provides many functions like detailing , reducing or enlarging the images. By this technique we can do : General oral check-ups, affected tooth extraction, resection, small cysts, and simple surgical procedures. Its most important advantage is that it is fast and the amount of radiation the patient receives is low.
It is used to obtain more detailed images in small areas about uncertain situations detected in panoramic radiographs. It is an intraoral imaging technique in which a few teeth and the bone tissue surrounding these teeth can be visualized.
It is superior to panoramic radiographs in terms of image details. It is practical because it can be taken shortly and quickly during the procedure.
Cephalometric images are generally used for patients who require orthodontic treatments and orthognathic surgery. They are special graphs taken in size equal to the actual size of the head, as a result, the size of the skull and facial bones and their positions relative to each other can be determined. With the Cephalometric x-ray device, skull bones and soft tissues can be imaged in the same film in anterior, posterior, and lateral positions.Cephalometric x-rays are taken to prepare the treatment plan before the treatment, to evaluate the effects of treatment during and after the treatment.
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