Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of tooth and jaw position mismatches. Inappropriate positions of the jaws can be treated with removable orthopedic devices used in childhood. Therefore, the first orthodontic examination should be done around the age of 6-7. Ensuring tooth alignment is possible at any age, but the solution of skeletal problems that are not treated in the early period is carried out by the plastic surgeon, as well as orthognathic surgery, which is popularly known as jaw surgery.
By means of square shaped, small, stainless steel (gray) or porcelain (transparent) retainer parts called brackets, which are usually affixed to the front surfaces of the teeth, and the braces placed in these brackets, the teeth in perpendicular condition are moved to the places where they should be with orthodontic treatment. With the developing technology, it is possible to place the brackets specially produced on the back surface of the teeth facing the tongue, so that the crowding on your teeth can be removed without the brackets and wires being noticed. In addition, orthodontic treatment can be performed without wires and braces with less visible transparent plaques that can be attached and removed.
When should it be done for the first orthodontic examination?
Your child’s first orthodontic examination should be done around the age of 6-7.Orthodontic examination performed at an early age, problems that may occur in the future can be prevented.
At what age to start orthodontic treatment?
Orthodontic treatments usually begin between the ages of 9-12 when the deciduous teeth fall out and permanent teeth erupt. In some cases, by using appliances that can be inserted and removed at an earlier age, future problems can be prevented or future treatment can be facilitated by reducing the severity.
Do removable appliances cause pain?
These appliances do not cause pain. Within a few days their presence becomes accustomed.
How long does the treatment with removable appliances?
When used regularly for 6-9 months, the desired correction is achieved. After 6-9 months of active treatment, these appliances are used for 6 months while sleeping at night for protection purposes.
Can wire therapy be applied at all ages?
Wire treatment can be applied at any age in the presence of healthy teeth, gums and bones.
How long does the wire treatment take?
Although it is different for each patient, it takes an average of 1.5-2 years. It may take less time in cases where there is less crowding.
Does wire therapy cause pain?
When the braces are first inserted, it may cause a slight discomfort for a short time, but this can be controlled and is temporary.
What are the checks done during wire treatment?
The wires are changed by checking every 5-6 weeks.
Will there be pain when removing the wires?
At the end of orthodontic treatment, wires and brackets can be removed without being formed from the net and the adhesives of the teeth are cleaned.
How is orthodontic treatment done with transparent plates?
It is performed on images obtained as a result of scanning with oral cameras and plaques are produced to move the teeth according to this planning. By using these plates sequentially, proper tooth alignment is achieved.
Can transparent plates be used during meals?
Transparent transparent plates are removed by the patient and easily eaten. After the meal, the teeth are brushed and the transparent plaques are placed by the patient again.
How is the treatment done with the brackets attached to the inner surface of the teeth?
It is performed on images obtained as a result of scanning with oral cameras. Brackets are produced in accordance with the internal surface form of each tooth. The wires used in this treatment are bent and used robotically with a computer system. This treatment method is known as lingual orthodontics.
Can lingual orthodontics be applied to everyone?
Lingual orthodontics can be applied to everyone. Patients with aesthetic concerns and who want to deal with bracing are preferred.
What should be considered during orthodontic treatment
• Teeth should be brushed after each meal.
• Interdental, bracket and interface brushes between the braces should be seen.
• Appointments should be adhered to throughout the brace treatment.
• Appliances and tires should be worn regularly, if necessary for treatment.
• Food should not be consumed while the brace therapy is continuing.
• Hard foods (such as snacks, popcorn, carrots) should not be consumed and all foods should be eaten in small bites. The foods (such as olives, plums) should be processed and eaten.
• Biting should not be done with the front teeth.
What is orthognathic surgery?
It is a surgery if the shape, structure, restoration of the lower and upper jaw and the error error must be corrected. It is also known as chin surgery.
Who is orthognathic surgery performed?
Patient treatment with orthognathic need orthodontist and plastic surgery / maxillofacial surgeon work in a program. It is performed under general anesthesia in a hospital environment. While pre- and post-operative wire treatment is performed by an orthodontist, surgery is performed by a plastic surgeon / maxillofacial surgeon.
Will there be any scars after orthognathic surgery?
If this operation is performed, there will be no facial intervention. There is no trace of this surgery. Even if facial swelling occurs due to edema, this is a temporary condition, edema passes and swelling in a short time.
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